What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files sent from the site to the terminal of the person concerned (usually to the browser), where they are stored to be retransmitted to the site during the next visit of the same user. A cookie cannot retrieve any other data from the user’s hard disk, cannot transmit computer viruses or acquire email addresses. Each cookie is unique to the user’s web browser. Some of the cookie functions can be referred to other technologies. In this document, the term ‘cookie’ refers to both cookies (in the strict sense of the term) and to all similar technologies.
Type of cookies
Cookies can be of the first or third part, where “first part” refers to cookies representing the site as a domain, while “third part” refers to cookies that are related to external domains.
Third-party cookies are necessarily installed by an external party (also defined as “third party”) not managed by the site. These entities may also install first-party cookies saving their own cookies on the domain of the site.
Another type of cookie is the so-called “Flash Cookie” (Local Shared Objects) used within Adobe Flash Player to deliver some content, such as video clips or animations, to remember settings and preferences. Flash cookies are stored in the device and managed through an interface which is different than the one provided by the browser used.
Nature of cookies
There are several types of cookies currently existing:
Technical cookies are only used to “transmit a communication on an electronic communication network, or to the strictly necessary extent for the provider of the information society service explicitly required by the subscriber (or user) to provide the service in question” (see Article 122 (1) of the Code).
They are not used for further purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or the web site manager. They can be divided into:
• session cookies, which ensure the normal browsing and use of the website (allowing, for example, a purchase or the authentication to access restricted areas); they are in fact necessary for the proper functioning of the site;
• analytics cookie, similar to technical cookies when used directly by the site manager to obtain aggregate information about the number of users and how they visit the site, in order to improve site itself;
• feature cookies that allow the user to browse according to a set of selected criteria (language and products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service. No user is asked for the authorization for the installation of such cookies (more information is available below in the ” Cookies management” section).
Profiling cookies are designed to create user profiles in order to send advertisements which are in line with the preferences displayed by the users themselves in the network browsing.
The approval of the interested party is required for the use of profiling cookies. Depending on the measure (more information below in the “Cookies management” section), the user can confirm or deny cookie authorization through the options provided in the “Manage cookies” section.
In case of third-party cookies, the site does not have direct control on individual cookies and cannot control them (it can neither install nor delete them). You can still manage these cookies through your browser settings (follow the links below).